Mushrooms are a type of fungi that grows in wet areas. Mushroom belongs to the fungi kingdom. Popularly we Bengalis called mushrooms ” BANGER CHATA” which means the umbrella of the frog. There is a story behind this. There is a special mushroom that is found in West Bengal during the monsoons and due to heavy rain in monsoons, the frogs take shelter under this mushroom. So sarcasm, mushrooms are popularly known as “BANGER CHATA”. Do you all know mushrooms have many health benefits too? Mushrooms are a rich source of vitamin D. Mushroom contains fibers. Mushroom does not contain any fat so if you are on a diet then you can easily consume mushroom. But be aware all mushrooms are not suitable for consumption. There are many mushrooms growing in parts of our world that are poisonous. So before eating mushrooms, you must be aware of the fact which mushrooms are used for consumption purposes and which are harmful to us. Mushrooms look like fruits of plants
Mushrooms are rich in selenium. One of the most important facts is mushroom contains 90per cent of water. Mushrooms are a rich source of vitamin B. They contain riboflavin, niacin, and pantothenic acid. Mushrooms are also a rich source of protein and antioxidants. Consumption of mushrooms helps to control the development of many health problems such as diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. These days mushrooms have got popularity and have become a part of our regular platter. Everybody now consumes mushrooms. Mushrooms are also known as meat by vegetarians. With mushrooms, a wide variety of recipes are made by people all over the world. Chinese, Japanese, and Italians prepare a wide variety of mushroom dishes. But amongst we need to first identify the varieties of mushrooms that are edible and are not harmful to our bodies. Wild mushrooms contain high levels of heavy metals which are harmful to our bodies. They can bring anxiety, hallucination, vomiting, and even they can lead to death. So we need to first identify the edible mushrooms.
The varieties of mushrooms that are edible are as follows :
WHITE BUTTON MUSHROOM
As the name suggests it really looks like buttons. This mushroom is known as a cultivated mushroom or champignon. This mushroom is less flavored than its other varieties. This mushroom can be eaten raw or cooked. These mushrooms are generally used in soups, salads, Pizza, etc. These mushrooms are low in calories and sugar. It is rich in protein and is a good source of vitamin D2. This mushroom also helps in the absorption of calcium and makes our bones strong. It is also rich in vitamin B12. They are also known to have cancer-fighting properties. Doctors suggest eating 5-button mushrooms regularly as they protect our brains.
These mushrooms are mainly found in Europe and North American grasslands. These are the most commonly consumed mushrooms all over the world. Mushrooms have a meaty texture and earthy flavor. They are also a good source of vitamin D . These mushrooms are rich in copper and selenium needed by our bodies. It also contains vitamin B6 which helps to metabolize food into energy. This mushroom contains two colors, white and brown. This edible mushroom is cultivated in more than 70 countries. These mushrooms grow from late spring to autumn. These mushrooms are found in fields and grassy areas. These mushrooms do not contain much protein in themselves.
These mushrooms are found in North Asia, and Japan. Shiitake means “oak fungus”. These mushrooms are also known as black mushrooms. These mushrooms have a meaty texture. Shiitake mushrooms are popular for their medicinal properties. They are also found in powdered form in many pharmaceuticals. They are usually used in soup and shimmered recipes. They are also sauteed in vegetarian dishes. They are rich in fiber and vitamin B, and vitamin D2. These also contain anti-aging properties lower blood cholesterol and boost our immune system. They also protect us from cell damage. These mushrooms are rich in lentinan and other beta-glucans. These mushrooms grow in the decaying woods of trees. These mushrooms grow at low temperatures. Sometimes consumption of this type of mushroom may cause allergic reactions, but it is very rare.
This mushroom was first cultivated in Germany. These mushrooms are very easy to cultivate and are mostly grown on decaying wood. They mostly grow in temperate and sub-tropical forests all over the world. These mushrooms are in the shape of caps. These mushrooms are carnivorous mushrooms, they kill many insects and extract nitrogen. These mushrooms have a tender flash and velvet or slippery texture. These mushrooms are white in color. These mushrooms are fat-free and contain essential minerals and vitamins such as riboflavin, thiamine, niacin, and vitamin B6. Oyster mushroom lowers cholesterol and improves heart health. The oyster mushrooms are used in making sauce. They are used in soups and stews.
These mushrooms are known as winter mushrooms and they are mainly used in East Asian foods. These mushrooms are mainly used in salads, soups, sandwiches, and pasta. They are needle-like in shape and have a cap on their top. These mushrooms are crunchy in taste. This variety of mushrooms is also rich in many minerals and vitamins. This mushroom contains vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, and vitamin B5, they also contain phosphorus, copper, iron, selenium, thiamin, and calcium and are also rich in fiber. This mushroom also contents healthy amino acids and helps to reduce our body fats and increases metabolism.
This mushroom grows on dead trees. We can find this mushroom in East Asia and Northern Europe. They have speckled brown caps and a white base. These brown caps have a crunchy nut flavor. These mushrooms are mainly used in soup, stew, salad, and also in chowmin. These mushrooms are rich in protein zinc B vitamins and copper. These mushrooms are low in fat rich in dietary fiber and sodium free. This is also an anti-cancer food, it also helps in weight loss and controls cholesterol. When these mushrooms are raw they have a bitter taste.
This mushroom is popularly known as “king bolete”. This mushroom is mainly used in Italian dishes such as pasta, pizza, and many more. They have a brown cap which can be very big in diameter. This mushroom also has many health benefits. This mushroom has no cholesterol transferred or saturated fat. They are rich in dietary fiber.Â Dietary fiber helps in giving relief from constipation. helps in digestion-related problems. They are a good source of proteins, B vitamins, potassium, and selenium.Â These mushrooms are found fresh or dried. This mushroom has a meaty flavor and also has a nutty taste. These mushrooms grow in a moist, and humid environment.
PADDY STRAW MUSHROOM
These mushrooms were cultivated in India. The name paddy straw suggests that these mushrooms are grown with the help of paddy straw in our homes. They need temperate and humid temperatures to grow. These mushrooms are also rich in iron, fiber, vitamin b, vitamin c, and protein and also have folic acids and potassium. Paddy straw mushrooms reduce cholesterol in the digestive system. This mushroom also contains natural insulin which is helpful for diabetic persons. It also contains beta-glucan which prevents the growth of Cancer cells. And also contains vitamin D which strengthens our bones. With these paddy straw mushrooms, many Indian spicy dishes can be made.
Here is a yummy recipe that you can prepare at your home with the mushroom.
- 200 grams button mushroom
- 2 tablespoon ghee
- 2 tablespoon onion paste
- 1 tablespoon ginger paste
- 1 tablespoon garlic paste
- 2 bay leaves
- 1 teasponn cumin seeds
- 2 tablespoon green chili chopped
- 1 tablespoon turmeric powder
- 1 tablespoon cumin powder
- 1 tablespoon coriander powder
- 1 tablespoon red chili powder
- 1 teaspoon sugar
- 1 tablespoon lemon juice
- 1 tablespoon cashew paste
- half cup tomato puree
- 2 tablespoon shahi garam masala
- salt as per taste
- 1 tablespoon cream
- Take a pan heat it and add 1 tablespoon of ghee to it and a pinch of salt.
- Now add the mushrooms and shallow fry them for about 10 minutes on low flame. Keep them aside.
- Now again take a pan and add the rest of the ghee, next add the bay leaf, cumin seeds, ginger paste, garlic paste, and onion paste one by one.
- Now stir it continuously for 5 minutes.
- Now add green chili, turmeric powder, cumin powder, coriander powder, and red chili powder and stir it firmly.
- Now add the tomato puree and the pinch of sugar and stir continuously.
- Next, add the cashew paste, lemon juice, shahi garam masala, and fried mushrooms to it.
- Add 1 cup of water and cover the lid.
- Let it simmer for 5 minutes.
- add 1 tablespoon of cream from the top.
- Our shahi mushroom is ready to serve.
- While frying the mushroom keep the flame on low so that the mushroom gets fried very nicely.
- Serve this recipe with naan, paratha or tandoor roti.